All types of Historical Heritage and of relevance to society must be protected. The Spanish Historical Heritage Law of 1985 says so. These historical heritage assets which, due to their social and historical relevance and their uniqueness, need protection, are declared Assets of Cultural Interest (BIC).
Once it is decided to preserve these goods, the condition in which they are found is valued, since many of them are in ruins and out of use. In order to put them into use, we have to prepare master plans , which are the documents that establish the guidelines that will mark future actions for the enhancement of these important assets of cultural interest (BIC).
The plans are based on a specific historical and geographical context in order to carry out a series of environmental, archaeological, pathological and legal studies, both of the buildings and of the surrounding external areas, which will make it possible to shape the bases for deciding on which interventions will be carried out.
The last two master plans that we have presented are “Villa Marco” in Campello and the “Molí de Paper” in Ibi.
Villa Marco is a recreational villa located in the Orchad of Alicante in which construction were applied some of the usual eclectic criteria used from the XIX century and beginnings of the XX century.
The main building is resolved in four levels and the current distribution of the floors responds to the successive interior reforms. On the south façade there is a porch and the access to the property is made through long, straight paths with rows of trees that lead to a large courtyard. The garden was part of an agricultural estate that has evolved over the years and the taste of the different owners. Among the auxiliary constructions of the garden are its neo-gothic chapel, the water reservoir with the cover made of fragments of stalactites and stalagmites from the cave of Canelobre and the greenhouse.
The purpose of this Master Plan is to articulate the intervention, both in the building and in the garden.
The Molí de Paper from Ibi began to operate in 1860 and over time was exploited by several tenants from the paper towns near Bañeres and Alcoy. Until after the era of splendor of smoking paper and its production by hand, the Monte de Piedad from Alcoy forced the seizure and auction of the mill. It was at that time when the production of the toys dismantled that of the paper and became known as the toy village.
Later it remained unused until the outbreak of the Civil War. It became a foster where children from all over Spain were hosted during the three years of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939).The building consists of three main sections and an interior courtyard. Nowadays most of the carpentries are broken, which makes the holes open and accessible. Therefore, in order to prevent people from entering, those at ground level were sealed. Different collapses have made part of the building inaccessible, like the second floor, due to the lack of stairs and the fragility of its slab, which is collapsing, along with the roof.
The Master Plan includes the list of elements to be conserved due to their importance within the building and their historical value, as well as a subsequent action plan in which the phases of the process are stipulated, assessing the viability of the complex.